Ascities

<Presentations>

<Index>

 

Definition

-  Fluid within abdominal cavity 

 

Features

-   

 

Causes

-  Cirrhosis

-  Portal hypertension

-  Peritonitis

-  Peritoneal malignancy

 

Associated S/S

-  Infected: SBP

 

Ix

-  LFTs

-  U&E

-  Abdo US

-  AXR

-  Hazy appearance

-  Seperation of bowel loops from each other & abdo flanks

-  Ascitic fluid: cytology, biochem, MCS

-  SAAG (Serum Albumin Ascities Gradient)

 

Mx

-  Ascitic tap (paracentesis)