Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Last updated 09/11/17

Definition


Features


Risk Factors


Associated Signs & Symptoms


Differential Diagnosis


Complications


Investigations


Management




References


  1. Therapeutic Guidelines: Antibiotic management of acute exacerbations of COPD. 2014
  2. Therapeutic Guidelines: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2015.
  3. Khilnani G, Banga A. Noninvasive ventilation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2008;3(3):351-357.
  4. Allen G. Invasive mechanical ventiatlion in acute respiratory faliure complicating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Up To Date. 22/11/2016