Caffeine

<Medications>

<Index>

 

 

 

Features

-   

 

Uses

-  Apnoea of prematurity (premature infants) in 28-33 weekers

 

Dose

-  Caffeine Citrate

-  Loading dose 20mg/kg IV Daily over 30 min

-  Maintenance 5mg/kg (max 10mg/kg) Daily IV over 30 min

-  Caffeine Base (x2 strength of Citrate)

-  Loading dose 10mg/kg IV Daily over 30 min

-  Maintenance 5mg/kg Daily IV over 30 min

-  Adjust each week for changing weight

 

Side Effects

-  Rash

-  GORD

-  Tachycardia

-  Irritability

-  May increase risk of NEC