Oral Contraceptive Pill (OCP)

Last updated 03.11.12

 

Definition

- Oral contraception

 

Features

- Oestrogen inhibits ovulation by suppressing FSH, LH

- Progesterone inhibits ovulation by suppressing LH, thickened cervical mucus, decidualisation of endometrium, decreases sperm transport

- Non-contraceptive Benefits

-  Decreased ovarian & endometrial Ca

-  Decreased menstrual disorders

-  Treatment of menstrual disorders: dysmenorrhoea, menorrhagia, endometriosis, perimenopause, ovarian cycts

-  Regulation of cycle in PCOS

-  Decreased risk of benign breast disease

 

Types

- Combined oral contraceptive pill (COC)

- Progesterone Only Pill (POP)