Suture Material

Last updated 08.03.13

 

Index

 

Definition

-  Suture material used for suturing ie: in surgery or wound repair

 

Features

-  Is imbedded in a suture needle at the swage

 

Size

-  x/y

-  x = diameter, bigger number is smaller

-  y = know pull strength

-  12/0: smallest, 1/4 human hair

-  2/0

-  0-1: largest

-  5-0 to 1-0 for open surgery

-  6-0 to 10-0 for delicate structures

 

Materials

-  Monofilament

-  Slide though tissues easily

-  Require additional knots to secure

-  Crushed suture breaks more easily

-  Braided

-  More robust

-  Know more securely

-  Can be traumatic to tissues

-  Nonabsorbable

-  Stainless steel

-  Silk

-  Cotton

-  Polyester

-  Polyamides (Nylon)

-  Polyether

-  Polypropylene 

-  Absorbale

-  PGA

-  Polyglactin 910 (synethtic, braided): Vicryl, Polysorb

-  Trimethylene

-  Polydioxanone: PDS

-  Poligecaprone 25: Monocryl

-  Chromic

 

 

 

Nylon Suture (Polyamide)

<Suture Material>

 

Features

-  Nonabsorbable, sterile monofilament surgical suture

 

 

 

Polyglactin 910 (Vicryl, Polysorb)

<Suture Material>

 

Features

-  AKA Polyglycolic acid suture

-  Absorbable, synthetic, braided sterile surgical suture

-  Maintains tensile strength 3-4 weeks in tissue

-  Completely absorbed by 60 days

 

 

 

Polydioxone Suture (PDS)

<Suture Material>

 

Features

-  Delayed absorbable, synthetic monofilament sterile surgical suture

-  Often used for fascial layers

 

 

 

Poligecaprone 25 (Monocryl)

<Suture Material>

 

Features

-  Absorbable, synthetic monofilament sterile surgical suture

-  Often used for subcuticular sutures in face

-  Contraindicated in cardiovascular or neurological tissues or in ophthalmic or microsurgery

-  Completely absorbed by 90 days

-  Not used for high tension tissues (fascia..)

 

 

 

Chromic Surgical Gut Suture

<Suture Material>

 

Features

-  Absorbable, sterile surgical suture

-  Made from purified connective tissue (bovine or sheep intestines)